St. Martin is a Caribbean island divided into two parts, which are politically dependent on two European nations. In 2007, the Northern part, Saint-Martin, became a French overseas collectivity (COM, Collectivité d’outre-mer) administered by a territorial counsel elected by St. Martin’s population. In 2010, the Southern part, Sint Maarten, became a constituent country of the Kingdom of the Netherlands. The political evolution of St. Martin towards more autonomy from Europe is a response to the great economic and demographic upheavals experienced by the island. These upheavals began to affect the Dutch side in the 1960s, and the French side in the the 1980s. These upheavals resulted in economic development based on tourism being set in motion.
In St. Martin the real estate and tourism industries developed with the help of the tax exemption laws implemented by the both French and Dutch governments, to attract investors and foreign residents. The Dutch side, in particular, has no property taxes, contributing to tax evasion. In 2016, The OECD conducted reviews to see how certain jurisdictions comply to their new demands of information exchange and transparency, marking Dutch side of St. Martin as “partially compliant”. The French side has not received an OECD review.
No results found